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Earl J. Hamilton 2011

Vicente Pinilla (en colaboración con María-Isabel Ayuda)

“Taking advantage of globalization? Spain and the building of the international market in Mediterranean horticultural products, 1850–1935”, European Review of Economic History, (2010), 14, 2, pp. 239-274.

Abstracts: This article examines how globalization and industrialization offered the nations of the European periphery opportunities to develop exports in sectors where they enjoyed a comparative advantage. As a case in point, we consider Spanish exports of Mediterranean horticultural products (MHP). Two bi-equational export supply and demand models (an equilibrium and a disequilibrium model) are proposed, in which volumes and prices are determined simultaneously, to throw light on the main causes of Spain’s expanding exports of MHP. The results clearly reflect the primacy of rightward shifts in the supply and demand curves in explaining the growth of MHP trade by volume. Thus, both rising incomes in the more developed countries and technological change in agriculture specializing in these products were key to the growth of this trade. Meanwhile, Spanish exporters also benefited from the increasing integration of international markets, especially through declining transport costs and, to a lesser extent, trade liberalization.

Vicente Pinilla es Doctor en Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales y Catedrático de Historia e Instituciones Económicas en la Universidad de Zaragoza. Editor de la revista Ager. Revista de estudios sobre despoblación y desarrollo rural / Journal of Depopulation and Rural Development Studies (desde 2010).
Más información en:
www.unizar.es/departamentos/estructura_economica/persona…

E-mail: vpinilla@unizar.es

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