Coordinating for life. Success and failure of Western European societies in coping with rural hazards and disasters, 1300-1800

erc

Advanced Grant (AdG), SH6, ERC-2013-ADG

Project acronym: COORDINATINGFORLIFE

Project: Coordinating for life. Success and failure of Western European societies in coping with rural hazards and disasters, 1300-1800.

Researcher (PI): Balthassar Jozef Paul (Bas) Van Bavel

Host Institution (HI): Universiteit Utrecht, Netherlands

Start date: 2014-03-01, End date: 2019-02-28

Summary: «Societies in past and present are regularly confronted with major hazards, which sometimes have disastrous effects. Some societies are successful in preventing these effects and buffering threats, or they recover quickly, while others prove highly vulnerable. Why is this? Increasingly it is clear that disasters are not merely natural events, and also that wealth and technology alone are not adequate to prevent them. Rather, hazards and disasters are social occurrences as well, and they form a tough test for the organizational capacities of a society, both in mitigation and recovery. This project targets a main element of this capacity, namely: the way societies have organized the exchange, allocation and use of resources. It aims to explain why some societies do well in preventing or remedying disasters through these institutional arrangements and others not. In order to do so, this project analyses four key variables: the mix of coordination systems available within that society, its degree of autarky, economic equity and political equality. The recent literature on historical and present-day disasters suggests these factors as possible causes of success or failure of institutional arrangements in their confrontation with hazards, but their discussion remains largely descriptive and they have never been systematically analyzed. This research project offers such a systematic investigation, using rural societies in Western Europe in the period 1300-1800 – with their variety of socio-economic characteristics – as a testing ground. The historical perspective enables us to compare widely differing cases, also over the long run, and to test for the variables chosen, in order to isolate the determining factors in the resilience of different societies. By using the opportunities offered by history in this way, we will increase our insight into the relative performance of societies and gain a better understanding of a critical determinant of human wellbeing.»

Recomendados

Political centralization, economic integration and language evolution in Central Africa: An interdisciplinary approach to the early history of the Kongo kingdom

Starting Grant (StG), SH6, ERC-2011-StG Project acronym: KONGOKING Project: Political centralization, economic integration and language evolution in Central Africa: An interdisciplinary approach to the early history of the Kongo kingdom.

Production and distribution of food during the Roman Empire: Economics and political dynamics

Advanced Grant (AdG), SH6, ERC-2013-ADG Project acronym: EPNET Project: Production and distribution of food during the Roman Empire: Economics and political dynamics Researcher (PI): José Remesal Rodríguez Host Institution (HI):

Left-wing Exile in Mexico, 1934-1960

Starting Grant (StG), SH6, ERC-2012-StG Project acronym: LEFTMEXILE3460 Project: Left-wing Exile in Mexico, 1934-1960 Researcher (PI): Aribert Johann Heinrich Reimann Host Institution (HI): Universitaet zu Koeln, Germany Start date: 2013-04-01,

The Distribution and Redistribution of Income and Wealth: A Global and Historical Perspective

Advanced Grant (AdG), SH1, ERC-2013-ADG Project acronym: DRIWGHP Project: The Distribution and Redistribution of Income and Wealth: A Global and Historical Perspective Researcher (PI): Thomas Piketty Host Institution (HI): Ecole

Ageism: A Multi-National, Interdisciplinary Perspective

COST IS1402 Project: Ageism: A Multi-National, Interdisciplinary Perspective Chair: Liat Ayalon Start date: 2014-11-19, End date: 2018-11-18   Objectives: The aim of this Action proposal is to enhance scientific knowledge

The Agricultural Origins of Urban Civilization

Starting Grant (StG), SH6, ERC-2012-StG Project acronym: AGRICURB Project: The Agricultural Origins of Urban Civilization Researcher (PI): Amy Marie Bogaard Host Institution (HI): The University of Oxford, United Kingdom Start