EXCESS FEMALE MORTALITY IN EARLY INFANCY? MISSING GIRLS IN CIUDAD REAL AND GUADALAJARA, 1840-1899

Documento de Trabajo #2111

Título: Excess female mortality in Early Infancy? missing girls in Ciudad Real and Guadalajara, 1840-1899

Autor/es: Enrique Llopis, Gloria Quiroga, Felipa Sánchez Salazar, Ángel L. Velasco, Ana de la Fuente, Rocío García Calvo, Laura Ramos, and Víctor M. Sierra

Abstract: We deal with early-infancy mortality in Ciudad Real and Guadalajara between 1840 and 1899. Our aims are threefold: (1) To inquire whether female excess mortality took place among the neonatal, infant, and early childhood population subsets. (2) To examine the scope of under-registration in the burial and baptisms records over time. (3) To analyze the evolution of gross neonatal, infant, and early-youth mortality rates. We find that: (a) Neither baptisms sex-ratios nor death rates sex-ratios confirm the female over-mortality hypothesis in the early-infancy, although some point to a gender discrimination in terms of burial practices. (b) A meaningful under-registration of child deaths entails a downward bias in the calculation of infant and neonatal mortality rates. (c) The rise of infant mortality in inland Spain during the third quarter of the 19th century was lower than assumed by the literature.

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